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The ACCOBAMS Agreement results from consultation between the Secretariats of the three Conventions: the Barcelona Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Mediterranean Coast (and its new Application Protocol relative to Special Protection Zones and the Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean adopted on the 10th of June, 1995), the Bonn Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals and the Bern Convention relative to the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats, whose standing Committee decide, in 1989, to create an informal group on little cetaceans that met in Palma de Majorca in 1991 with the view of drafting an Agreement. The Bucharest Convention on the protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution joined the group of Conventions later.

The first interconvention consultations held in Athens on the 26th and the 27th of October, 1992 bore essentially on the mechanisms of cooperation, coordination and transmission of information on cetaceans between the Secretariats of the three above-mentioned Conventions (Barcelona Convention, Bonn Convention, Bern Convention) and all organizations involved in implementing the Action Plan on the conservation of cetaceans in the Mediterranean and Black Seas.

Three years later, two meetings in Monaco negotiated a draft Agreement on the conservation of cetaceans in the Mediterranean and Black Seas. The first meeting, from the 26th to the 30th of September, 1995, led to drawing up the text of the Agreement and its conservation plan as well as extending the taxonomic coverage of the Agreement to large cetaceans found in the zone (in particular the fin whale and the sperm whale).

All questions regarding the exact definition of the Agreement area, in particular the status of the inland waters and the proposal to extend the instrument to the adjacent waters of the Atlantic Ocean that had remained suspended were resolved in a second meeting (18-24 November 1996) hosted by the Principality of Monaco. Representatives of over 20 countries on the Mediterranean and Black Seas, as well as observers from many intergovernmental and non-governmental organisations participated in the plenipotentiary Conference for signature, which closed the meeting.

The Agreement has been ready for signature in Monaco since the 24th of November 1996 and entered into force the 1st of June 2001. 

Last Updated (Monday, 02 July 2012 10:30)

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